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A country frames its foreign policy in the light of its domestic policies. Foreign policy of a country does not remain static but it changes according to time and circumstances Pakistan’s principles of foreign policy are its ideology and national integration.

Pakistan came into being on 14th of August 1947 and it inherited the legacy of foreign policy from the British India. However it made some adjustments in accordance with its ideology and objectives of Pakistan movement. Its foreign policy was determined by three factors (i) Security (ii) Development (iii) Ideology. Its security has remained the core stones of its foreign policy, because of its geographical location and historical background. Its relationship with super powers and regional powers have been fluctuating according to political weather, injecting a permanent feelings of uncertainty in their friendship. Thus Pakistan’s foreign policy underwent changes to exigencies of time and requirement of international situation; However Pakistan evolved some basic principles of foreign policy which are as under.

1. National Security: National Security occupies first place in the foreign policy of Pakistan since its independence Pakistan’s national security is being threatened by the India because British left the Kashmir issue unsolved and three wars have been fought by both countries. As for as the Kashmir issue is there Pakistan needs to maintain its national security or independence. It is why the main principle of its foreign policy is national security.

2. Economic Interest: Pakistan as a developing country is also needed to establish and maintain cordial relations with those states with whom it can maximize its trade relations or from whom it can obtain maximum economic aid.

3. Islamic Solidarity: Pakistan would pursue its ideological objective and would like to achieve the objective of Islamic Solidarity by promoting its relations with Islamic world and by preserving its Islamic ideology.

4. Peaceful Co-existence: Pakistan would believe in peaceful co-existence and would respect the other countries territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in other’s internal affairs.

5. Non Alignment: Pakistan had followed the policy of neutrality and had not aligned it self with any block. When non-aligned movement was formed it joined it and remained active member of it.

6. Bilateralism: Pakistan has tried to settle its differences with neighbouring countries including India through bilateral negotiations.

7. United Nations: Pakistan has faith in the United Nations and has extended full support to the United Nations actions by contributing military as well as personnel for implementing its decision.

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